File Name: advantages and disadvantages of a federal system of government .zip
Please log in to save materials. Log in. The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U. Several positive and negative attributes of federalism have manifested themselves in the U. Among the merits of federalism are that it promotes policy innovation and political participation and accommodates diversity of opinion. Liebmann , U. What Brandeis meant was that states could harness their constitutional authority to engage in policy innovations that might eventually be diffused to other states and at the national level.
The main advantage of a federal government is that in a country where there are many diversities and the establishment of a unitary government is not possible, a political organisation can be established through this form of Government. In this type of government, local self-government, regional autonomy and national unity are possible. Moreover, in this type of government some rights are given to the central government and the rest to the states or the provinces. In this way cultural and administrative autonomy is given to different nationalities and regions and matters like Defence, Foreign Affairs, Communication, etc. With the division of powers, the burden of work on the centre is lessened and the centre has not to bother about the problems of a purely local nature. It can devote its full attention to the problems of national importance. Because of provincial or regional autonomy, the administration of these areas becomes very efficient.
More than any other aspect of U. The Founders were driven to a much greater extent by a desire to strike a balance in political power between a nascent national government and the several pre-existing state governments than in promoting innovation and the capacity to adapt to ever changing socio-economic and environmental circumstances. This chapter will demonstrate how a variety of incentive structures propel state and local governments toward greater open-mindedness, experimentation, and learning from experience than is generally the case with the national government. Unlike the more insulated federal government, the several states and their many local governments face increasingly vexing and complex social and economic challenges which cannot be brushed aside in favor of engagement in the rough-and-tumble of global politics and national partisan competition; citizens in our towns, cities, counties and states frequently demand that action be taken to address their immediate concerns for the quality of life where they live, and they tend to expect tangible results from their state and local governments. Law enforcement services and community safety are good examples of such concerns for immediate tangible results. When criminal activity increases in a state or local jurisdiction, citizens often call for stricter laws, stiffer penalties for violations, and more robust enforcement; the sidestepping of issues and the shifting of blame to others are generally not acceptable dodges of responsibility to citizens calling for effective action.
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Federalism is a form of government that allows for more than one central entity to have power. What this means is that there is a federal government who is.
The pros and cons of federalism have been the subject of debate since the creation of the republic. Example: California has frequently led the nation in environmental regulations: Many measures adopted by California are subsequently adopted by other states. And during the s, Wisconsin governor Tommy Thompson experimented with welfare policy, and those experiments influenced federal welfare reform. Critics argue that federalism cannot function well due to ignorance. Most Americans know little about their state and local governments, and turnout in state and local elections is often less than 25 percent.
The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U. Several positive and negative attributes of federalism have manifested themselves in the U. Among the merits of federalism are that it promotes policy innovation and political participation and accommodates diversity of opinion.
In between, most economists believe it is a question of balance, with the government intervening in areas where the market fails to provide a desirable outcome. Main areas of government intervention include:. Can I get the possible effects of a government intervening in the labour Market by imposing a minimum wage.
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