File Name: discovery of gold and diamond in south africa .zip
Mining activity is a deeply destructive process with consequences that continue to affect many industrial cities around the world. Hinged on extracting wealth and driving down costs to maximise profits, the direct impacts of the physical extraction of minerals and the more nuanced implications of the mining industry on society and the environment create a legacy of disturbance that is far more challenging than a radically altered landscape. The majority of the GCR falls into the Gauteng Province, the most densely populated province of South Africa, supporting an estimated The GCR is composed of a cluster of cities, towns, and urban nodes including Johannesburg and Pretoria. From onwards, gold mining in the GCR rapidly declined, and a shift to a service-oriented economy occurred.
Diamond and gold discoveries played an imperative part in the development of the early South African history. The first recorded discovery of gold was to have been found on the banks of Witwatersrand by Jan Gerrit Bantjes in June ; a defining moment in South African history. Gold, more so than diamonds; revolutionized South Africa from an agricultural society to become the largest gold-producer in the world. Gold mining very quickly became the largest and most important part of the South African economy. Throughout much of the early 20th century, the gold mining industry continued to grow significantly contributing to an overall economic tripling effect. In particular, revenue from gold exports provided sufficient capital, continuing to be a major contributor to the South African economy today.
South Africa experienced a transformation between , when the diamond rush to Kimberley began, and , when the South African War ended. As the predominantly agrarian societies of European South Africa began to urbanize and industrialize, the region evolved into a major supplier of precious minerals to the world economy; gold especially was urgently needed to back national currencies and ensure the continued flow of expanding international trade. British colonies, Boer republics, and African kingdoms all came under British control. These dramatic changes were propelled by two linked forces: the development of a capitalist mining industry and a sequence of imperialist interventions by Britain. A chance find in had drawn several thousand fortune seekers to alluvial diamond diggings along the Orange, Vaal, and Harts rivers.
mineral leasing act. and the discovery of diamonds in the lak ls and initial literature available relating to the South African mineral revolution. as well as to the of South African mining histories include: M. Meredith. Diamonds. Gold.
Мидж посмотрела на него с удивлением. - Я вовсе не имела в виду твою жену. - Она невинно захлопала ресницами. - Я имела в виду Кармен. - Это имя она произнесла с нарочитым пуэрто-риканским акцентом.
Отпусти ее, - спокойно сказал Стратмор. - Она тебе все равно не поверит. - Да уж конечно, - огрызнулся Хейл.
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