File Name: glossary of grammatical and rhetorical terms .zip
Action stories typically do not explore complex relationships between human beings or the subtleties of psychology and philosophy. The adage expresses a well-known and simple truth in a few words. This last detail, a result of chance , is a key element of adventure; the stories usually involve a character who is brought to the adventure by chance, and chance usually plays a large role in the episodes of the story. Also, adventures usually includes dangerous situations, narrow escapes, problems to be solved through intelligence and skill, exotic people and places, and brave deeds.
This glossary of linguistics, literary and grammatical terms is aimed to be helpful for writers, speakers, teachers and communicators of all sorts, in addition to students and teachers of the English language seeking:. There are very many different effects of written and spoken language. Most people know what an acronym is, or a palindrome. But what is a glottal stop? What is a tautology , or a gerund? What is alliteration and onomatopoeia? Words alone convey quite basic meaning.
Faculty of English. Accentual Verse : Verse in which the metre depends upon counting a fixed number of stresses which are also known as 'accents' in a line, but which does not take account of unstressed syllables. The majority of Germanic poetry including Old English is of this type. Accentual-Syllabic Verse : The normal system of verse composition in England since the fourteen century, in which the metre depends upon counting both the number of stresses and the total number of syllables in any give line. An iambic pentameter for example contains five stressed syllables and a total of ten syllables. Alexandrine : a line of six iambic feet, often used to mark a conclusion in a work which is in heroic couplets : Alexander Pope in his Essay on Criticism satirised this technique which he was not above using himself : ' Then, at the last and only couplet fraught With some unmeaning thing they call a thought, A needless Alexandrine ends the song, That like a wounded snake, drags its slow length along. Spenser used an alexandrine to end his modified form of ottava rima.
A structural metaphor is a metaphorical system in which one complex concept typically abstract is presented in terms of some other usually more concrete concept. A structural metaphor "need not be explicitly articulated or defined," according to John Goss, "but it operates as a guide to meaning and action in the discursive context within which it operates" "Marketing the New Marketing" in Ground Truth, Structural metaphor is one of the three overlapping categories of conceptual metaphors identified by George Lakoff and Mark Johnson in Metaphors We Live By The other two categories are orientational metaphor and ontological metaphor. Source domains provide frameworks for target domains: these determine the ways in which we think and talk about the entities and activities to which the target domains refer and even the ways in which we behave or carry out activities, as in the case of argument.
Parallelism is a figure of speech in which two or more elements of a sentence or series of sentences have the same grammatical structure. These "parallel" elements can be used to intensify the rhythm of language, or to draw a comparison, emphasize, or elaborate on an idea. The following well-known adage is an example of parallelism: "Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime. The term "parallelism" is used to describe both a figure of speech and a principle in grammar, although its use in each context is slightly different.
Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Terms Assonance The tractions and perhaps slang but precludes nonstandard grammar and punctu- ation.
An acrostic is a piece of writing in which a particular set of letters—typically the first letter of each line, word, or paragraph—spells out a word or phrase with special significance to the text. An allegory is a work that conveys a hidden meaning—usually moral, spiritual, or political—through the use of symbolic characters and events. The story of "The Tortoise and The Hare" is a well-known allegory with a In literature, an allusion is an unexplained reference to someone or something outside of the text. Writers commonly allude to other literary works, famous individuals, historical events, or philosophical ideas, and they do so in
This glossary came to us from our late colleague Ross Scaife, who encountered it during his graduate studies at the University of Texas. Ross, in turn, added some additional examples. Socrates : The fact is, as we said at the beginning of our discussion, that the aspiring speaker needs no knowledge of the truth about what is right or good In courts of justice no attention is paid whatever to the truth about such topics; all that matters is plausibility There are even some occasions when both prosecution and defence should positively suppress the facts in favor of probability, if the facts are improbable.
Старая электрическая сушилка для рук захватана грязными пальцами. Беккер остановился перед зеркалом и тяжело вздохнул. Обычно лучистые и ясные, сейчас его глаза казались усталыми, тусклыми. Сколько я уже тут кручусь. Однако считать ему не хотелось. По профессиональной привычке поправив съехавший набок узел галстука, он повернулся к писсуару. Он подумал, дома ли Сьюзан.
Glossary of Rhetorical Terms – AP English Language and Composition. Purpose: Clause – A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb.
Разве так могут назвать католичку. Должно быть, Клушар ослышался. Беккер набрал первый из трех номеров. - Servicio Social de Sevilla, - прозвучал приятный женский голос. Беккер постарался придать своему испанскому тяжелый немецкий акцент: - Hola, hablas Aleman. - Нет, но я говорю по-английски, - последовал ответ.
Ну… - задумалась Сьюзан. - Это зависит от оперативности, с которой ARA пересылает почту. Если адресат находится в Штатах и пользуется такими провайдерами, как Америка онлайн или Компьюсерв, я отслежу его кредитную карточку и получу его учетную запись в течение часа. Если он использует адрес университета или корпорации, времени уйдет немного. - Она через силу улыбнулась.
Но было что-то. Сьюзан на мгновение заколебалась и оглянулась на заблокированную дверь. Всего двадцать минут, подумала .
Стратмор попытался их удержать, но не сумел. За мгновение до того, как они сомкнулись, Сьюзан, потеряв равновесие, упала на пол за дверью.
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