File Name: list of international organisations and their headquarters .zip
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United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the co-ordinating machinery of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at the intergovernmental level, and through the Chief Executives Board for co-ordination CEB at the inter-secretariat level.
A number of specialized agencies have been set up to achieve these goals, agencies which may or may not have been originally created by the United Nations, but they are incorporated into the United Nations System by the United Nations Economic and Social Council acting under Articles 57 and 63 of the United Nations Charter.
At present the UN has in total 15    [note 1] specialized agencies that carry out various functions on behalf of the UN. The specialized agencies are listed below. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy.
FAO's mandate is to raise levels of nutrition, improve agricultural productivity , better the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy.
FAO is the largest of the UN agencies. It was established in and its headquarters is in Rome , Italy. It codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. The ICAO Council adopts standards and recommended practices concerning air navigation, prevention of unlawful interference, and facilitation of border-crossing procedures for international civil aviation.
In addition, ICAO defines the protocols for air accident investigation followed by transport safety authorities in countries signatory to the Convention on International Civil Aviation , commonly known as the Chicago Convention.
The International Fund for Agricultural Development IFAD was established as an international financial institution in , as one of the major outcomes of the World Food Conference and a response to the situation in the Sahel. It is dedicated to eradicating rural poverty in developing countries. Its headquarters are in Rome , Italy. Its headquarters are in Geneva , Switzerland.
Founded in , it was formed through the negotiations of the Treaty of Versailles and was initially an agency of the League of Nations. Its Constitution , as amended to date, includes the Declaration of Philadelphia on the aims and purposes of the Organization. Its secretariat is known as the International Labour Office. However the IMO did not enter into full force until Headquartered in London , United Kingdom , the IMO promotes cooperation among government and the shipping industry to improve maritime safety and to prevent marine pollution.
IMO is governed by an Assembly of members and is financially administered by a Council of members elected from the Assembly. The work of IMO is conducted through five committees and these are supported by technical sub-committees. Observer status may be granted to qualified non-governmental organizations. The IMO is supported by a permanent secretariat of employees who are representative of its members.
The secretariat is composed of a Secretary-General who is periodically elected by the Assembly, and various divisions including, inter alia , marine safety, environmental protection, and a conference section. It also promotes international cooperation in education, science and culture. It is headquartered in Washington D. The International Telecommunication Union ITU was established to standardize and regulate international radio and telecommunications. Its main tasks include standardization , allocation of the radio spectrum, and organizing interconnection arrangements between different countries to allow international phone calls — in which regard it performs for telecommunications a similar function to what the UPU performs for postal services.
It has its headquarters in Geneva , Switzerland , next to the main United Nations campus. Its stated purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education, science, and culture in order to propagate further universal respect for justice, the rule of law , and the human rights and fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter.
The Organization addresses some of the most pressing issues of our time, and works to accelerate economic growth in order to bring prosperity to all while at the same time safeguarding the environment. UNIDO's mandate is fully aligned with the global development agenda, which underlines the central role of industrialization and its importance as a key enabler for all 17 Global Goals , and especially for SDG9. The Director General is Li Yong.
The Universal Postal Union UPU , headquartered in Berne , Switzerland , coordinates postal policies between member nations, and hence the worldwide postal system. Each member country agrees to the same set of terms for conducting international postal duties.
The World Bank Group is part of the United Nations system and has a formal relationship agreement with the UN, but retains its independence. It is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. Its mission is to fight poverty with passion and professionalism for lasting results and to help people help themselves and their environment by providing resources, sharing knowledge, building capacity and forging partnerships in the public and private sectors.
The IBRD makes loans to developing countries for development programmes with the stated goal of reducing poverty. The IFC is the largest multilateral source of loan and equity financing for private sector projects in the developing world. The World Health Organization WHO acts as a coordinating authority on international public health and deals with health and sanitation and diseases and sends medical teams to help combat epidemics.
Established on 7 April , the agency inherited the mandate and resources of its predecessor, the Health Organization, which had been an agency of the League of Nations. It was established on 7 April when 26 members of the United Nations ratified its Constitution. Its headquarters is in Geneva , Switzerland. Its purpose is to encourage creative activity and to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world.
The organization administers several treaties concerning the protection of intellectual property rights.
Established in , WMO became the specialized agency of the United Nations for modern meteorology weather and climate , operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences. It has its headquarters in Geneva , Switzerland. UNWTO has member states and affiliated members representing private organizations, educational institutions and others. It is headquartered in Madrid , Spain. The World Tourism Organization serves as a forum for tourism policies and acts as a practical source for tourism know-how.
The only UN specialized agency to go out of existence is the International Refugee Organization , which existed from to There are other intergovernmental organizations that have concluded cooperation agreements with the United Nations. In terms of cooperation structures, some agreements come very close to the relationship agreements concluded under articles 57 and 63 of the UN Charter with the specialized agencies, but due to Charter requirements that the agencies deal with "economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related fields", organizations with such agreements are not formally specialized agencies of the United Nations.
The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization Preparatory Commission preparatory commission is tasked with preparing the activities of the nuclear non-proliferation organization. The International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA is an intergovernmental organization for scientific and technical cooperation in the field of nuclear technology. It is headquartered in Vienna, Austria. It seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for military purposes.
Prior to this, in , U. President Dwight D. Eisenhower envisioned the creation of this international body to control and develop the use of atomic energy, in his " Atoms for Peace " speech before the UN General Assembly. Due to historical reasons and the political nature of its work, the IAEA is not a specialized agency. Instead, its relationship to the United Nations is governed by a special agreement as well as by its statute that commits the IAEA to report annually to the General Assembly and, when appropriate, to the Security Council.
The organization promotes and verifies the adherence to the Chemical Weapons Convention which prohibits of the use of chemical weapons and requires their destruction. The verification consists both of evaluation of declarations by members states and on-site inspections.
The WTO was established instead of the failed proposal for a specialized agency dealing with trade issues , the International Trade Organization. WTO headquarters are in Geneva , Switzerland. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Legally, organizationally and financially independent International organizations associated with the UN. Main article: Food and Agriculture Organization. Main article: International Civil Aviation Organization. Main article: International Fund for Agricultural Development.
Main article: International Maritime Organization. Main article: International Monetary Fund. Main article: International Telecommunication Union. Main article: Universal Postal Union. Main article: World Bank Group. Main article: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Main article: International Finance Corporation.
Main article: International Development Association. Main article: World Health Organization. Main article: World Intellectual Property Organization. Main article: World Meteorological Organization. Main article: World Tourism Organization.
Main article: International Atomic Energy Agency. Main article: International Organization for Migration. Main article: Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.
Main article: World Trade Organization. Archived from the original PDF on 9 January United Nations. Archived from the original PDF on 19 October Retrieved 18 September The number of specialized agencies thus rose to fifteen. Retrieved 11 March There are currently 15 specialized agencies There are 17 Specialized Agencies Retrieved 22 January
An organization comprising of member nations from more than one country is known as International Organization. It is interesting to note that many International Organizations are intergovernmental such as United Nations. These are created to foster international co-operation in areas such as security, law, economic, social matters and diplomacy. There are more than intergovernmental organizations in the world. So, this was the list of important International Organizations along with their headquarters and years of establishment. International Reports and India's Rank in various indexes
In this article, acronyms, formation date and headquarter of Important International organisations have been provided. These organisations are making mass impacts on countries, laws and even global price time to time. International organisations is spanning across the globe with their presence and scope. While Amnesty International organisations are concerned with global peacekeeping, OPEC maintains stability in global demand and supply of oil. List of International Organisation and their Headquarters. All the best for your upcoming exam!
This is the most important topic which you should prepare to score good marks. For this, your calculation speed and accuracy matters a lot. Improve your calculation by learning several short tricks and practice so many questions to ace the topic. Secretary-General-Kamalesh Sharma Alan Bollard Secretary-General
An international organization intergovernmental organization is an organization established by a treaty or other instrument governed by international law and possessing its own international legal by personality, such as the United Nations , the World Health Organization and NATO. Additionally, entities including states may hold observer status. The first and oldest international organization—being established employing a treaty, and creating a permanent secretariat—is the Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine founded in
Food and Agriculture Organization.
United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the co-ordinating machinery of the United Nations Economic and Social Council at the intergovernmental level, and through the Chief Executives Board for co-ordination CEB at the inter-secretariat level. A number of specialized agencies have been set up to achieve these goals, agencies which may or may not have been originally created by the United Nations, but they are incorporated into the United Nations System by the United Nations Economic and Social Council acting under Articles 57 and 63 of the United Nations Charter. At present the UN has in total 15    [note 1] specialized agencies that carry out various functions on behalf of the UN. The specialized agencies are listed below. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO's mandate is to raise levels of nutrition, improve agricultural productivity , better the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy.
These will help you in upcoming exams. Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Name of the Organisation. Bank for International Settlements. Basel, Switzerland.
You will find the most important organisations and their headquarters listed here along with some smart tips to remember them. There is a vast number of international organisations around the world.
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