File Name: legal and ethical issues in genetics .zip
Genetics Pdf Notes. Characteristic of Genetic Code. About chromosomesChromosomes are the thread-like structures in cells that contain genes. Genetics is about families. He begins with a brief introduction of Gregor Mendel and his laws of segregation and independent assortment.
The ethical questions surrounding gene therapy include:. Could the widespread use of gene therapy make society less accepting of people who are different? Should people be allowed to use gene therapy to enhance basic human traits such as height, intelligence, or athletic ability? Current gene therapy research has focused on treating individuals by targeting the therapy to body cells such as bone marrow or blood cells. Gene therapy could be targeted to egg and sperm cells germ cells , however, which would allow the inserted gene to be passed to future generations.
Read terms. This document reflects emerging clinical and scientific advances as of the date issued and is subject to change. The information should not be construed as dictating an exclusive course of treatment or procedure to be followed. Clinicians should be able to identify patients within their practices who are candidates for genetic testing. Candidates will include patients who are pregnant or considering pregnancy and are at risk for giving birth to affected children as well as gynecology patients who, for example, may have or be predisposed to certain types of cancer. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to review some of the ethical issues related to genetic testing and provide guidelines for the appropriate use of genetic tests by obstetrician—gynecologists.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Each new genetic test that is developed raises serious issues for medicine, public health, and social policy regarding the circumstances under which the test should be used, how the test is implemented, and what uses are made of its results. Should people be allowed to choose or refuse the test, or should it be mandatory, as newborn screening is in some states? Should people be able to control access to the results of their tests? If test results are released to third parties such as employers or insurers, what protections should be in place to ensure that people are not treated unfairly because of their genotype?
The application of genetics and genomics to prevent disease and promote public health became firmly established as a field in the late s, as large-scale sequencing of the human genome as part of the Human Genome Project began. The field is now thriving, leading to both tremendous public health benefits and risks for both individuals and populations.
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