File Name: social insurance and allied services .zip
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Welfare state , concept of government in which the state or a well-established network of social institutions plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of citizens. It is based on the principles of equality of opportunity , equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for those unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life. The general term may cover a variety of forms of economic and social organization. A fundamental feature of the welfare state is social insurance , a provision common to most advanced industrialized countries e. Such insurance is usually financed by compulsory contributions and is intended to provide benefits to persons and families during periods of greatest need. It is widely recognized, however, that in practice the cash benefits fall considerably short of the levels intended by the designers of the plans. The welfare state also usually includes public provision of basic education, health services, and housing in some cases at low cost or without charge.
The Inter-departmental Committee on Social Insurance and Allied Services were appointed in June, , by the Minister without Portfolio, then responsible for the consideration of reconstruction problems. For the reasons stated below in-paragraph 40 the duty of recommendation was confined later to the Chairman of the Committee. The schemes of social insurance and allied services which the Inter-departmental Committee have been called on to survey have grown piece-meal. That Act, applying in the first instance to a limited number of occupations, was made general in Compulsory health insurance began in Unemployment insurance began for a few industries in and was made general in The first Pensions Act, giving non-contributory pensions subject to a means test at the age of 70, was passed in
Most social work in western European countries is currently delivered within the context of the welfare state, whose origins can be traced back to the work of Sir William Henry Beveridge at the time of the Second World War. Beveridge was born in in India, at that time part of the British Empire. He studied law at Oxford University where he became fascinated by early forms of social security, rapidly turning into an authority on pensions and unemployment benefits. At the beginning of the twentieth century, his thinking already had an impact on the development of a national insurance scheme and influenced policy on poverty in the UK. Soon after the First World War, he was knighted.
T he Great Depression exposed many weaknesses of modern industrialized society.
Don't have an account? William Beveridge and his Report on Social Insurance and Allied Services of continue to occupy a pivotal position in the history of social security provision not only in Britain and Europe but also in the wider world into the twenty-first century. This chapter examines why the Beveridge Plan and its ideas were so popular and seemingly so authoritative. Although Beveridge's long public career in social policy had been mainly concerned with the quite different sphere of unemployment insurance, his ideas about old-age pensions did not spring from nowhere in , but dated back to the year In , he became a personal adviser to Winston Churchill at the Board of Trade, where he was instrumental in inserting many of his ideas about social insurance into the unemployment provisions of the National Insurance Act of
The Inter-Departmental Committee, led by Sir William Beveridge, had been tasked with reviewing the operation of social insurance schemes and making recommendations on ways of bringing them together. The final report, known as the Beveridge report , was published on 2 December The final recommendations were representative of Beveridge's own views. At the heart of Beveridge's plan was the creation of a compulsory social insurance scheme, which would provide a level of non-means tested benefit in return for contributions. The insurance scheme would be supported by allowances for dependent children, the establishment of comprehensive health and rehabilitation services and the avoidance of mass-unemployment ie through central government action to promote employment opportunities.
На номерном знаке авто была надпись МЕГАБАЙТ в обрамлении сиреневой неоновой трубки. Ранняя юность Грега Хейла не была омрачена криминальными историями, поскольку он провел ее в Корпусе морской пехоты США, где и познакомился с компьютером. Он стал лучшим программистом корпуса, и перед ним замаячила перспектива отличной военной карьеры. Но за два дня до окончания третьего боевого дежурства в его будущем произошел резкий зигзаг.
Я прихожу сюда каждый вечер. Подними, говорю .
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