File Name: advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering .zip
Thanks to this technology, scientists can precisely transfer beneficial genes from one animal species to another. In research studies, animals that have been safely genetically engineered GE include cattle, pigs, chickens, goats, sheep, dogs, cats, fish, rats, and mice. As scientists have sequenced the genomes of domestic animals, more is known about genes and the traits that they control. Through genetic engineering, this animal emits 30 to 60 percent less phosphorus than traditional pigs fed the same conventional diet.
This process occurs when there is direct manipulation of the genetic material through the use of biotechnology. This process can either insert genes into the genetic sequences or remove them. Genetic engineers can insert the information randomly or target specific parts of the genome. The first recognized life form created through genetic modification is a bacterium made by Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen in Since then, a variety of different genetically engineered animals have reached the marketplace, including the Enviropig and naked chickens. There are several advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering that we must consider when evaluating this science.
J Biomedical Sci. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Genetic engineering can simply be explained as the alteration of an organism's genetic, or hereditary , material to eliminate undesirable characteristics or to produce desirable new ones. Several works have been done on genetic engineering with major focus on its importance ranging from increasing plant and animal food production, diagnosing disease condition, medical treatment improvement, as well as production of vaccines and other useful drugs. Methods in this techniques involve the selective breeding of animals and plants, hybridization reproduction between different strains or species , and recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid rDNA. Human genetic engineering relies heavily on science and technology.
Through genetic engineering, scientists are able to move desirable genes from one plant or animal to another or from a plant to an animal or vice versa. In essence, genetic engineering is a technology wherein a specific gene can be selected and implanted into the recipient organism. The cell that received such an implant can, therefore, begin producing substances with the desired functions. Genetic engineering uses recombinant DNA, molecular cloning, and transformation. Genetic engineering has become a mainstream part of our lives because of the many advantages involved. Here are some of them:. Genetic engineering may be one of the greatest breakthroughs in recent history alongside the discovery of the atom and space flight.
Read on to learn some pros and cons of genetic testing for cancer. Health insurance plans will often cover the costs of genetic testing when it is recommended by your healthcare provider. However, because policies differ among insurance providers, it is wise to contact your insurance company beforehand to confirm genetic testing coverage. Both federal and state laws exist to protect patients from health insurance discrimination based on genetic test results. GINA prohibits health insurers and most employers from discriminating against individuals based on genetic information including the results of genetic tests and family history information. According to GINA, health insurance companies cannot consider genetic information to be a preexisting condition; nor can they use it to make decisions regarding coverage or rates.
The genetic engineering is one of the great marvels of 21st century human. It allowed for precise control over the genetic changes introduced into an organism. Today, we can incorporate new genes from one species into a completely unrelated species through genetic engineering, optimizing agricultural performance or facilitating the production of valuable pharmaceutical substances. Recently, the government of India has examined a proposal on GM mustard seeds despite there being severe opposition to it among environmental activists. Foods produced from or using GM organisms are often referred to as GM foods. It improves production and raise farmer's income.
Genetic engineering is defined as the practice of purposely altering genes to achieve a specific outcome. This alteration is a modification that directly manipulates the genetic material of a living organism. It is usually reserved for plants and animals, but genetic engineering as led to specific medical treatment opportunities in humans as well. The modern practice of genetic engineering goes beyond cross-breeding different species to create a new outcome. This process makes it possible to create stronger plants, healthier animals, and reduce the effects of disease.
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