File Name: minds brains and science john searle .zip
Minds and Machines. Silver Center Tuesday and Thursday TAs: Vera Flocke Office: Office hours: Friday and by appointment. Martin Abreu Zavaleta Office: Office hours: Friday , and by appointment. This course examines the conflict between computational and biological approaches to the mind. All readings will be available on the web.
Some will require a password which will be revealed in class. The reading for this course is not lengthy but it is difficult material. You should expect to read everything twice. The readings listed below are tentative and subject to revision throughout the course.
September 2, Block September September Guest: Jim Pryor. Focus on the articles about Watson, skim the others. Byrne, Block remaining sections, except October Fall Recess. Guest: Jim Pryor. Reading: Byrne in Stanford Encyclopedia. Novem ber Block, two articles from Routledge Encyclopedia. Fodor, Tom Swift.
Fodor, Having Concepts. Block, Mental Pictures. Controversy between Kosslyn and Pylyshyn. December You must choose three of these assignments, including one of Assignments , and one assignment after Assignment 6. So you should be satisfied that you understand the questions even for assignments that you do not do in writing. These statements should be couched in your own words, explaining how you see what the author has said.
No quotations; no paraphrases. Arguing about your views with others is the best way to find out where your position leads. If your paper is a product of joint work, all of the participants should turn in their own versions, with the communal ideas stated in each paper in the writer's own words. When you do work together on an assignment, this must be stated on each paper.
All participants in joint work get full credit. Papers are due at PM on the day indicated. Remember, no late papers. If you miss the deadline for one assignment, just do another. Assignment 3: Watson Due Thursday, September 25 th.
Assignment More determinate vs less determinate contents Due Tuesday November 18 th. Final Exam: December 11 th : questions on the exam will be based on the assignments. Readings: Please send me email about broken links. The Turing Test. Turing , "Computing Machinery and Intelligence". Mind , For PDF of published paper, click here. This PDF requires a password which will be given out in class.
Osherson, L. Gleitman, S. Kosslyn, E. Smith and S. Sternberg, MIT Press, Published version. Or here. Searle's Chinese Room Argument. Pfeifer and S. Sarkar Routledge, forthcoming. The Inverted Spectrum. Marcel and E. Does Consciousness Overflow Cognition? The partial awareness hypothesis. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14, Background for this article: de Gardelle, V.
Perceptual illusions in brief visual presentations. Consciousness and Cognition , 18 3 , Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15, Functional Role Semantics. Background to Fodor: P. Mental Imagery. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17, 3 , , Slides will be posted on Classes after each class. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Discussion of Searle's case against strong AI has usually focused upon his Chinese Room thought-experiment. In this paper, however, I expound and then try to refute what I call his abstract argument against strong AI, an argument which turns upon quite general considerations concerning programs, syntax, and semantics, and which seems not to depend on intuitions about the Chinese Room. I claim that this argument fails, since it assumes one particular account of what a program is. I suggest an alternative account which, however, cannot play a role in a Searle-type argument, and argue that Searle gives no good reason for favoring his account, which allows the abstract argument to work, over the alternative, which doesn't. This response to Searle's abstract argument also, incidentally, enables the Robot Reply to the Chinese Room to defend itself against objections Searle makes to it.
Searle, John R. Minds, brains and science. (The Reith lectures). Bibliography: p. Includes index. 1. Mind and body. 2. Brain. 3. Thought and thinking. I. Title. II.
Sign in Create an account. Syntax Advanced Search. Minds, brains, and programs. John R. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 3 Searle University of California, Berkeley. What psychological and philosophical significance should we attach to recent efforts at computer simulations of human cognitive capacities?
John Searle's Chinese room argument is perhaps the most influential andwidely cited argument against artificial intelligence AI. Understood astargeting AI proper — claims that computers can think or do think— Searle's argument, despite its rhetorical flash, is logically andscientifically a dud. Advertised as effective against AI proper, theargument, in its main outlines, is an ignoratio elenchi. It musterspersuasive force fallaciously by indirection fostered by equivocaldeployment of the phrase "strong AI" and reinforced by equivocation on thephrase "causal powers" at least equal to those of brains. It's unsound in ways difficult for high church— "someday my prince of an AI program will come" — believersin AI to acknowledge without undermining their high church beliefs.
The argument and thought-experiment now generally known as the Chinese Room Argument was first published in a article by American philosopher John Searle —. It has become one of the best-known arguments in recent philosophy. Searle imagines himself alone in a room following a computer program for responding to Chinese characters slipped under the door. Searle understands nothing of Chinese, and yet, by following the program for manipulating symbols and numerals just as a computer does, he sends appropriate strings of Chinese characters back out under the door, and this leads those outside to mistakenly suppose there is a Chinese speaker in the room. The narrow conclusion of the argument is that programming a digital computer may make it appear to understand language but could not produce real understanding. Searle argues that the thought experiment underscores the fact that computers merely use syntactic rules to manipulate symbol strings, but have no understanding of meaning or semantics.
Cognitive Science 4. You could not lonesome going considering books accretion or library or borrowing from your links to gain access to them. Searle is the author of many interesting books, including Intentionality, and also Minds, Brains, and Science.
Minds and Machines. Silver Center Tuesday and Thursday TAs: Vera Flocke Office: Office hours: Friday and by appointment.
John R. Searle 56 Estimated H-index: View Paper.
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