File Name: prince2 roles and responsibilities .zip
They should help put everything into context. Whenever we want to do something, build something, achieve something or go somewhere, we need to answer some questions:. These are the usual questions asked at the start of any project, and the answers are the building blocks of project management.
They define what we want to do and the best way we can do it. Structured project management is ordering the project into defined steps to make it logical and organised.
We know from experience that unorganised, poorly controlled projects usually go disastrously wrong. London Ambulance and Channel Tunnel publically experienced system failures and huge overspend. Structured project management methods exist to prevent such disasters. These cover all the activities needed on a project, from starting up to closing down. The Project Manager will select people to do the project work and ensure it's done properly and on time. The Project Manager draws up the project plans that describe what the project team will be doing and when they expect to finish.
The user is the person who is going to use the results or outcome of the project, or who will be impacted by the outcome of a project. On some projects, the customer and user may be the same person.
The supplier or specialist provides the expertise needed to do the project work i. They all need organising and co-ordinating so that the project delivers the required outcome on time, on budget and up to quality. The Project Manager reports regularly to the project board.
The board is informed of progress and any foreseeable problems. The project board provides the Project Manager with a set of necessary decisions. They determine how the project will proceed and overcome its problems.
Project assurance provides an independent view of how the project is progressing. Each view reflects the interests of the three project board members. Business assurance is checking that the project remains viable in costs and benefits. User assurance is checking that the users' requirements are being met. Specialist or technical assurance ensures the project is delivering a suitable solution. On some projects, assurance is done by a dedicated project assurance team.
Otherwise, individual members of the project board can do the assurance job. On most projects there is a lot of administrative work needed: keeping everyone informed, arranging meetings, keeping plans up-to-date, chasing things up, keeping files, etc. Project Managers often do all this work themselves, particularly on smaller projects. If many projects are going at the same time, a Project Support Office can be setup to take on some work.
In today's projects, there are often different groups of people involved. They include the customer, one or more suppliers, and of course the user. In project management, scope means working out what the project should achieve and how to do it. That's not always easy with all these different groups involved.
Bringing customers and suppliers together generally involves contracts and contract management. However, the method recognises the need for a project's controls and breakpoints.
That allows projects to succeed in a contractual framework. PRINCE2 does more than describe the different people involved in a project, and what they're responsible for.
The method also explains how to manage risk, how to manage quality, and how to control change on the project. Risk management is about working out what could go wrong and planning what to do if it does.
Quality Management is checking the quality of work done on the project. This is either by testing it or by reviewing the work in some way. There are always changes during the life of a project. People change their minds and other things happen which affect what the project is doing. This is to prevent the project going off in the wrong direction.
It integrates methodologies that make projects more flexible and responsive. It helps you work out who to involve and what their responsibilities are. It gives you a set of processes to work through and explains what information to gather along the way.
It cannot guarantee that your projects will be successful. Good projects, which deliver quality results, on-time within budget, depend on the quality of people involved. This includes everyone from Project Board down to individual team members. E-learning : Work at your own pace, and complete the entire certification from the comfort of your own home.
Virtual classroom : Benefit from the personal teaching experience of a classroom but without leaving your house. Whenever we want to do something, build something, achieve something or go somewhere, we need to answer some questions: What are we trying to do? When will we start? What do we need? Can we do it alone, or do we need help? How long will it take? How much will it cost?
An organised and controlled middle , i. An organised and controlled end , i. Customer, user and supplier The customer or executive pays for the project. Project support On most projects there is a lot of administrative work needed: keeping everyone informed, arranging meetings, keeping plans up-to-date, chasing things up, keeping files, etc.
The project manager plays a primary role in the project, and is responsible for its successful completion. Project managers make sure that projects are given sufficient resources, while managing relationships with contributors and stakeholders. Project team members are the individuals who actively work on one or more phases of the project. They may be in-house staff or external consultants, working on the project on a full-time or part-time basis. Team member roles can vary according to each project.
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They should help put everything into context. Whenever we want to do something, build something, achieve something or go somewhere, we need to answer some questions:. These are the usual questions asked at the start of any project, and the answers are the building blocks of project management. They define what we want to do and the best way we can do it.
When a team is finally formed, they would then have to formulate a plan and act on the same to complete the project. Thus, it becomes an issue of great importance that the members in the team associated with a particular project are aware of what they have to do, what they can expect from others as well as their team members, to whom they have to report their work, and who shall do the brainstorming and decision-making, and this article focuses on providing answers for these questions. Hence, this principle defines the roles and responsibilities of everyone who is associated with the project, from the very beginning till the closure of the project.
This is the person or organisation that has commissioned the project and will be paying for it. The customer will be the owner of the business case and has ultimate responsibility to ensure that the project delivers on its promise. This is the representative of the organisation or people that will be using the product or service supplied by the PRINCE2 project: those directly impacted by it. It could be that the customer and user are the same person. The senior user is responsible for ensuring that the Project Board respects the needs of the user, and that these are specified within the project. He or she will have the knowledge, experience, and expertise to inform the Project Board of what is involved in producing the finished deliverable, and ensuring that appropriate resources are provided for project completion.
The customer will be the owner of the business case and has ultimate responsibility to ensure that the project delivers on its promise. The.
A project is generally cross-functional; it might involve a mixture of full-time and part-time resources as well. To be successful, projects need to have an explicit project management team structure that consists of defined and agreed-upon roles and responsibilities for the people who are involved in the project. Projects should also have a means for effective communication between the people involved. You do this by:.
Беккер повернулся, печально посмотрев в последний раз на ее руку. Ты ничего не можешь с этим поделать, Дэвид. Не лезь не в свое. - Ну. Беккер кивнул.
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